Project 75 Alpha: The Indian Navy’s war-scale modernization to ensure continued supremacy in the IOR

Under the PM Modi-led administration, indigenization of the defence sector has experienced a momentous surge. Six nuclear attack submarines have been planned under Project 75 Alpha, underlining our Navy’s intent. QUAD nations – India, Australia, USA and Japan – have been engaging in regular joint naval exercises in the IOR (Indian Ocean Region). In addition, QUAD has signed several agreements towards an exchange of cooperation for logistics and communications.

 80% of global oil trade passes through the strategically critical territory of the Indian Ocean. Through its “String of Pearls” designs, China’s PLAN strategically occupies influential naval ports near India’s shores and in the IOR (Indian Ocean Region). To tackle the menace of China’s growing aggressiveness, the Indian Navy’s modernization objectives have been geared up at a war scale. Project 75 and 75I will stamp India’s naval supremacy over the Indian Ocean and adjacent nautical territories.  

Earlier this year, on April 20th, Project 75’s sixth and final Scorpene-class submarine under the Indian Naval Ship (INS) Vagsheer was launched from Mumbai’s Mazagon Docks by India’s Defence Secretary Ajay Kumar. Sea trials for the Navy’s 5th submarine INS Vagir commenced in February.

  • A massive 43,000 crores INR budget has been sanctioned for the upcoming Project 75I. 
  • Pursuant to PM Modi’s Aatmanirbharta goal, submarines will be made under Make in India. 
  • Submarines under Project 75I will be diesel-electric attack submarines consisting of Air Independent Propulsion (AIP) systems. 
  • Two entities selected for building the submarines under Project 75l are Mazagon Dock Shipbuilders Limited(MDL) (Government) and Larsen and Toubro (L&T) (private player).

India’s naval might, boosted by its nuclear-capable attack submarine, has forced China to create an alternative sea route, moving away from the Straits of Malacca strait. The China-Pakistan Economic Corridor (CPEC) aims to reduce its dependency on IOR and avoid getting bloody-nosed by India in the IOR.

India is the only country to have an ocean named after it. It will ensure to take necessary measures to eternally remain, for eternity, the supreme power in the Indian Ocean region. A power that does not aim to usurp anybody’s territory and remains ever-present to safeguard the interests of its neighbours, and sailors and aid in other requirements of nations.

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